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The Dresden Zwinger in the middle of the Saxon capital is one of the most famous baroque buildings in Germany and, along with the Frauenkirche, is probably the most famous architectural monument in the city of Dresden. It houses museums of world renown, is a stage for music and theater events and the inner courtyard - adorned with orange trees in summer - invites you to stroll and marvel at the baroque splendor.
The Zwinger is a complex of buildings with gardens in Dresden. The masterpiece of architecture, sculpture and painting, built under the direction of the architect Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann and the sculptor Balthasar Permoser, is one of the most important buildings of the Baroque period and, along with the Frauenkirche, is the most famous architectural monument in Dresden. Its name Zwinger goes back to the name used in the Middle Ages for a fortress part between the outer and inner fortress walls, even though the Zwinger no longer fulfilled its function at the start of construction.
The Zwinger was built in 1709 as an orangery and garden as well as a representative festival area. Its richly decorated pavilions and the galleries lined with balustrades, figures and vases testify to the splendor during the reign of the Elector Friedrich August I and his claim to power.
The Sempergalerie, opened in 1855, was one of the most important German museum projects of the 19th century and made it possible to expand the use of the Zwinger as a museum complex, which had grown under the influence of time since the 18th century.
The air raids on Dresden on February 13 and 14, 1945 hit the Zwinger hard and led to extensive destruction. Since the reconstruction in the 1950s and 1960s, the Zwinger has housed the Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, the Mathematisch-Physikalischen Salon and the porcelain collection. The original intended use as an orangery, garden and as a representative festival area has moved into the background. The latter continues to be cultivated with the performance of music and theater events.