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The Bronze Age And Early Iron Age

Zdarma
Adresa ul. Cieszyńskiego 9, Wrocław
Štítky História
Vstupné Zdarma

The first part of this exhibition is devoted to the Przedłużycka culture with its characteristic assortment of richly decorated bronze artefacts. Amongst the jewellery, the long pins, bracelets, armbands, diadems and necklaces made of amber beads deserve special attention. Weapons are represented by spearheads, warhammers, daggers and swords. The artefacts belonging to another Bronze Age culture – the Lusatian culture are displayed in two chronological parts. The first part is that of the Bronze Age. The second relates to the Early Iron Age (the Hallstatt period). In several cabinets, pieces of jewellery, weaponry, tools and everyday items typical for the Lusatian culture are on display. Particular attention should be paid to a hoard from Karmino, pow. milicki, consisting of a number of bronze artefacts (e.g., sickles, axes, armbands, bracelets and chains). The artefacts discovered in Woskowice Małe, pow. namysłowski are extremely rare. These hoards include imported bronze vessels – cistae, situlae and equestrian gear. A rich collection of Hallstatt painted pottery is unique for Silesia and indicates that local potters indirectly copied patterns from Southern Europe. The visitor’s attention is brought to a small cabinet where original Silesian gold jewellery from the Bronze Age is exhibited. The issues of settlements, economy and construction methods of the Lusatian culture are illustrated by a model of the fortified settlement in Biskupin, pow. żniński. Another interesting part of the exhibition presents the beliefs and rites of the Lusatian culture. It starts with the reconstruction of several cremation burials from Słup, pow. średzki. In a few cabinets, vessels with narrative scenes, clay figurines in the shape of birds, rattles, ornitomorphic cups, sun chariots, zoomorphic vessels and horn-shaped clay vessels are displayed. The next period is the Early Iron Age Pomeranian culture. It is characterized by specific burial rites. Cremated remains were placed in pottery vessels known as face urns. Schematic human faces were sculpted on these ritual vessels. They most likely symbolized deceased individuals. Additional motifs were sometimes incised on the clay, representing jewellery, everyday items and, less frequently, weapons. Some urns also had metal necklaces, earrings or clay lids in the shape of hats. The grave goods included brooches, belt buckles, pins, necklaces and toiletry kits.

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