Nirvana was an American grunge band formed in 1987 in Aberdeen, Washington. They became one of the most influential bands of the 20th century. The founding members were Kurt Cobain (guitar, vocals) and Krist Novoselic (bass guitar). Dave Grohl could finally establish himself as their drummer, after a number of different Nirvana drummers. As a third guitarist Pat Smear was adopted.
In 1989 Nirvana recorded their first studio album, Bleach, but still did not belong to the mainstream of popular music. The turning point came when in 1991 they published their new single titled Smells Like Teen Spirit to the album Nevermind. This song reached the top spot in the charts, and opened the way to Nirvana’s fame. The third and final studio album was released in 1993 and was named In Utero; it included later popular songs such as Rape Me and Heart-Shaped Box.
Nirvana broke up after the suicide of frontman Kurt Cobain in April 1994. Since its formation. the band sold more than 50 million albums worldwide. Nirvana’s musical style was called grunge. Similar music is represented by bands such as Alice in Chains, Mudhoney, Pearl Jam and Soundgarden.